Joe Medicine Crow

Joe Medicine Crow

Joe Medicine Crow was the last traditional Plains war chief. He served in Europe, and earned the Bronze Star as well as the National Order of the Legion of Honor from the French government on June 25, 2008. He was recognized for leading a war party that, under fire, retrieved dynamite to use to attack German guns.

He also overcame a German soldier in hand-to-hand combat on a street in France (sparing his life), and captured fifty SS horses at a farm where German officers were staying. In 2009, he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Also an author, his books include A Handbook of Crow Indian Laws and Treaties, and From the Heart of the Crow Country. He lived on the Crow Reservation in Lodge Grass, Montana, until his death on April 3, 2016. He was 102 years old.

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