The jade plant, these small, sturdy succulents require simple care and a good reason it makes the Crassula ovata (its real name) a great houseplant for a beginner, the spider plant is another.
Native to South Africa, jade trees can grow to reach a height of 3-4 feet after many years.
Jade plants come in many varieties and combinations of white, pink, yellow, red, purple and even a dwarf form. Most require the same type of care.
Where To Locate Your Crassula
One of the most important item to remember in jade plant care is lighting.
The plant needs bright light. Jade does grow outdoors in direct sunlight. During the hot summer, protect these indoor houseplants from the hot noon sun.
Indoors, jade will grow under sufficient light and under an artificial plant lamp of about 1,000-foot candles. Though a tropical plant and can tolerate a wide variety of growing conditions, it needs protection from temperatures below 50 F.
How To Water Jade Plant
Jade can survive for long periods without water, making it an excellent houseplant for beginners. The soil should become almost dry, before you water it. In fact, when watering the family of Crassula plants – wait! Allow the plant to dry out for several days before watering again.
Avoid over-watering as it can cause root rot. Providing a well-drained soil will help this plant to avoid damaging the roots with too much water.
In the winter – water much less. Keep the plant on the dry side overall.
How To Prune A Jade Plant
This sturdy plant carries a unique distinction, the jade can be “styled”. It works as a great succulent plant, money plant, and as a bonsai plant. Prune and pinch Jade to keep the plant bushy. It develops very fast and adapts to many styles.
Root new jade plants from leaf cuttings or stem cuttings. Place leaves or stems in a well-drained soil or pot mix (see below) and keep on the dry side.
Feeding every 3 months with a fertilizer formulated for cactus. Cactus fertilizer has less nitrogen than most houseplant fertilizers.