Growing grapes from cuttings is the most popular method for propagating grapes, but there are other simple methods for growing grapes worth considering.
Grapes are one of the easiest plants to propagate at home, and they readily root from either hardwood or softwood cuttings. All you need is a few inches of grapevine, trimmed to include viable buds, and you’re well on your way to growing grapes from cuttings.
Each year, grapes need to be pruned back in the late fall and winter to ensure a good crop the following year. Those cuttings are often thrown away, but with just a bit of effort, you can turn those discards into hundreds of new plants.
- The five ways to propagate grapes include:
- Hardwood Cuttings – Using dormant wood pruned off in the fall or winter.
- Greenwood Cuttings – Best used in the growing season to multiply plants quickly.
- Grafting – Used by vineyards when a specialized rootstock is required for disease resistance.
- Layering – Used to fill in blank spots in a row or by home gardeners to expand a grape patch.
- Growing from Seed – Not used commercially because grape varieties don’t come true to seed, but it can be a fun to experiment and create new varieties.
I’ve presented 5 methods for propagating grapes, but I’d recommend that you try growing grapes from cuttings, preferably hardwood cuttings as that method is the most dependable.
How to Grow Grapes From Cuttings
Since grapes are prolific growers, it’s easy to get a hold of cuttings. In the growing season, when the plants are actively putting out new shoots they’re called “greenwood” cuttings.
Each year during the dormant season, grapes should be pruned to ensure a healthy crop the following year.
Grape vines can get leggy, and if the ratio of top wood to roots is too high, then the roots will not be able to feed all the grapes. By pruning the vines, you ensure that the grapes produced are large, healthy and sweet.
The discarded cuttings from a single vine can be used to produce dozens of new plants each year.
Cuttings 12-18 inches in length with 3 or more buds are taken from dormant plants in the fall or winter. The hardwood cuttings are stored in a cold moist environment until the beginning of the growing season. Shortly before the beginning of the growing season, the grape cuttings are either calloused to induce root growth or simply dipped in rooting hormone and placed in the soil. For better results, dip them into rooting hormone before planting them 2 to 3 inches deep in moist potting soil.
Keep the soil moist, and you should see sprouts within a few weeks. Allow your cuttings to get established and firmly rooted in pots before transplanting them outdoors in the early to mid-summer.
(Source: PRACTICAL SELF RELIANC)