The entire archipelago of the Westman Islands rests in the Southern Iceland Volcanic Zone, and was formed during numerous volcanic eruptions. As a result, the islands boast multiple remarkable rock formations and unmatched volcanic landscapes.
The Elephant Rock fascinates visitors because it resembles the head of a giant elephant which has submerged half its trunk underwater, as if attempting to quench its thirst with the Atlantic Ocean.
Many have also pointed out the rock’s resemblance to H.P. Lovecraft’s cosmic daemon Cthulhu, a monstrous sea creature with the face of an octopus. The likeness is complete with a cleft in the rock where the Lovecraftian creature’s eyes would be, and the resulting shadow bestows an eerie and lifelike quality upon its face.
Fundamental to the rock’s realistic appearance is the fact that it’s entirely made from basalt; this makes the “skin” of the creature appear wrinkled.